By PR Pradhan
It has already been eight months since the promulgation of the new constitution, yet, the leaders are doubtful in the implementation of the constitution. On a transitional basis, the constituent assembly has been transformed into a Legislative Parliament and the new President, Prime Minister, speaker and deputy speaker have been elected by the parliament as per the constitutional provision. That apart, the constitution has not been able to function. In these eight months, the parliament has not been able to draft the regulations for the parliament as well as form the public hearing committee. The Supreme Court is running with limited SC judges, the chief justice is working as an officiating chief justice. The government has nominated the ambassadors for different countries but when they will be appointed, it is still uncertain.
It was stated that a high level commission will be formed for demarcation of the provinces and that the Commission would complete its job within six months. Yet, the Commission has not been formed.
How will be the provincial structure, will the provincial boundaries be acceptable to all, when will the provincial capitals be fixed and whether the provincial capitals will be fixed without dispute, the questions remain unanswered yet.
In accordance to the constitution, by 21 January 2018, local, provincial and federal elections have to be held. Without the local and provincial elections, the upper house cannot be constituted.
Before the elections, the provincial boundaries have to be fixed and the electoral constituencies have to be fixed on the basis of population. Will all these be possible amidst protests of the Tarai centric parties and other ethnic communities?
Be that as it may, after all, the implementation part of the constitution is very challenging. Talking about political stability, the constitution is going to invite many problems in the days to come. After all, the electoral procedure, specially, the provision of the proportional election will not allow any particular party to bag majority and there is a rare chance of a single party forming a majority government. Always, there will be a hung parliament, which will not allow political stability.
Baburam Bhattarai was the chairman of the constitution drafting committee. Immediately after the promulgation of the constitution, he quit his party as well as the CA membership. In reaction, Bhattarai said that he was not satisfied from the constitution. Today, Bhattarai has formed a new party with the slogan of economic revolution in the nation. He has given big slogans but under this constitution, it is almost impossible for him to accomplish his promises. For economic prosperity, political stability is essential. In Nepal, it is surprising that the largest party, the NC is in the opposition. The third largest party, a coalition partner in the government led by Pushpakamal Dahal, planted a conspiracy against the government. For the time being, this plan has been suspended but the Oli led government is not yet secure as the NC is cooking something to topple the Oli government. When the political leaders in opposition are always involved in conspiring against the government and busy in toppling the government, one cannot expect political stability. All the leaders wish to become the prime minister through a conspiracy. In such a situation, to think about political stability is an act of foolishness.
One diplomat, citing on the present scenario, informed that there is no environment of foreign direct investment in this country. According to one American diplomat, his country doesn’t suggest Americans to come here for investment. Of course, the Indians will come to invest or say to squeeze Nepal’s natural resources. Until now, all the Indian joint-ventures are squeezing our economy in the name of investment. Talking about telephone service provider UTL or Dabur Nepal or Unilever Nepal, they are exploiting revenue with the support of the Indian embassy here. For example every time, the Indian embassy put pressure on the Nepal government for exemption of revenue to the UTL. Similarly, Dabur Nepal and Unilever Nepal are exporting our herbs to India and from India, they are bringing the finished products which will only be packed here. Nepal will get nothing from such joint-ventures.
As our leaders are corrupt, our political system is not suitable in accordance to the soil of the country, we cannot accept economic transformation from the same leaders and the present political system. Nevertheless, sooner or later, both the leaders and the political system are going to collapse, however, it could be too late for us to go for economic transformation.
More than 80 percent of the population is against the secular state and more than 90 percent of the population is against federalism. Even though, the non-visionary leaders, who are serving the foreign interests rather than the interests of the Nepali people are trying to impose this constitution which is nonfunctional.