By N. P. Upadhyaya
American political scientist Francis Fukuyama believes that people “may seek to be recognized as superior to other people possibly on the basis of true inner worth, but more likely out of an inflated and vain estimate of themselves”. Coercing and forcing neighbors to acknowledge its “superiority is a way for a country to gain superiority complex.
India, born 1947, has this complex which has been experienced since its birth to its unfortunate smaller neighbors be it protectorate baby Bhutan, Independent and sovereign Nepal, newly created Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, or the Maldives and Pakistan.
It is this nonsensical complex, the superiority one, that has led or better say compelled India’s neighbors to drift from the Indian domination and find suitable and reliable partners in the region and much beyond.
India minus coercion equals the former British India Colony or the Mughal Raj.
Thus it is India which has lost its manufactured control over these countries in the recent years establishing the hard fact that the countries which India took as their guaranteed sphere of influence, which it was and is not, were never under Indian control but instead were countries which have had their own recognition in the comity of nations much ahead of when India took birth from the Colonial rule.
For example, Nepal and Bhutan, and then annexed Sikkim were such countries in this part of the world which were independent and sovereign some three thousand years ago when the name India was not even conceived. ARYAVARTA was indeed then in existence which accommodated the entire part of the present day South Asia and much beyond yet it was never India or Bharat varsa.
Nepal existed as world’s 21st nation in the world. India was then ruled by Mughals or even by Jarasandh. (Prof. Ananda Aditya).
Having said this, yet the question remains as to what makes the present day India to think that the countries around her were under its command? Is it because of the leaders of these countries? Or the people inhabiting these countries themselves take it for granted that since they can’t escape the Indian hegemony associated with thuggery and thus have voluntarily submitted themselves to the mercy of the regional Goliath-the terrible weighing 120 kilos?
The answer is very simple: The leaders governing these countries were aligned to Delhi power center but not the people. The people in fact possess a sort of revulsion to the nation called India these days to the extent that the present day Prime Minister of India is taken as a Chai vendor, which he was in his childhood days as he himself beamingly claims, and nothing more than that. His Hugging diplomacy irks the people living in these smaller nations.
From President Trump to Barack Obama to PM Netan Yahu, PM Modi hugs first and then begins his bilateral talks to the extent that he once preferred to hug the German Chancellor Lady Angela Merkel to the much embarrassment of those who watched this hugging drama in the Idiot Box both inside Germany and India-formerly ruled by the Mughals Babar, Humayun and Akbar. The modern history testifies to this fact.
The Indians cut a joke at this hugplomacy initiated by PM Modi.
Coercion, arm twisting, poking its nose on the internal affairs of the smaller countries and penetration and posting of RAW men in these countries have already become the hallmark of Indian diplomacy.
Professor Dipak Gajurel aptly defines Diplomacy (between powerful and the weak ones) thus: “What is mine is mine, and which is yours is negotiable”.
This definition exactly fits into the diplomacy acquired by the Indian establishment. As stated earlier, a sizeable chunk of Nepali landmass has already been gulped by the Indian machinery and yet the Indian PM Modi dared to congratulate the much publicized next Nepal PM KPS Oli.
This was the second Telephone call to Mr. Oli within a month or so. Oli thus appears to have already entered into the Cobweb spread by known Indian hugger in the recent times.
Beijing should take a note of Oli’s renewal of the latter’s good old Medanta Hospital, kidney transplant, connection that stretched over a decade or so. Old friendship since Mahakali River agreement days, if one were to recall. Oli championed the Mahakali River agreement with India.
It is these leaders, like Oli, who have time and again cheated the national population. Let’s not talk of Prachanda and Dr. Bhattarai who enjoy continued blessings from NOIDA masters. The bond perhaps remains intact since the early BJP days. China may fall flat eventually.
Beijing is thus warned. All that looks like red were not communists.
The tired and distressed nations thus have already begun breathing fresh air in far flung hemisphere that favors their unimpeded development. And this is what has been happening with the grand entrance of China in South Asian nations. Both China and these countries appear more than willing to embrace China for some understandable political reasons.
China is the northern extension of South Asia, be it known to all. And Nepal is that part of Asia which touches both India and China. Nepal is not a part of the subcontinent, be it known to the developed Western media from now onwards.
“Ties based on mutual respect, fairness, and justice as well as win-win cooperation have increasingly acquired prominence and are the future of a new global order”, so writes Huang DEKAI, a scholar associated with the Institute of International studies of Yunan University, China.
In such a scenario the leaders of the SA nations must have decided to free themselves from the inhumane authority of the former British colony and sided with China with a hope that the latter would not twist the arms in the name of helping. It is this pressing compulsion that has made these countries to embrace China and detach themselves from Indian hegemony. Chinese benevolence though is expected in reciprocity by these countries. Sooner the better. Any delay in expressing its sincere attitude towards the smaller nations may create suspicion against China.
Nepal is a classic case, beginning the Nehruvian dark era, where India has always upper hand which demand no in-depth explanation. The wearer knows where the shoe pinches. Independent Sikkim now has been gulped by the hegemon and baby Bhutan is suffering the worst but dares not to ventilate inner feelings fearing that economic blockade may be imposed once again on her.
This India distaste encouraged Pakistan to become the first SA country to challenge New Delhi’s arrogance and seek ties with the emerging powerhouse-China which now has been happy with several projects under CPEC that has now changed the face of Pakistan.
A new Asian Tiger is in the offing.
Many other smaller countries too have taken to the path of Pakistan and joined hands with China.
“When China initiated the practice of a new type of modern international relations based on equality and win-win cooperation got prompt positive response by other nations in SA except India-the known hegemon for India believed that such a China policy would damage the established frame of Indian diplomacy, hugplomacy in fact.
India saw it as Chinese expansionism where as fifty hectares of Nepali landmass has been just the other day gulped by India in Southern Nepal adjoining India border. Land encroachment on a regular basis makes India as ace champion of expansionism. The entire area in Birganj, Nepal, is under agitation these days. Encroachment associated with coercion.
“Therefore, it is not hard to understand why the Maldives very freshly committed to the “India First policy” to assuage concerns of New Delhi”, adds the Chinese scholar Dekai.
The fear factor perhaps but yet Male’ ties with China remain intact.
Nepal now enjoys the Chinese Internet facility thus shattering the long established Indian monopoly in this sector. Internet users in Nepal have taken this step as very positive.
An encouraged China with the progress and the astonishing advancement of CPEC has now entered Afghanistan with a big bang much to the mental retardation of the New Delhi babus.
On the shores of Arabian Sea, Gwadar Port is at mouth of Persian Gulf, outside Strait of Hormuz, near key shipping routes. It is the third sea largest port in Pakistan. As a deep sea port, Gwadar has potential to be gateway and hub of business and trade for Pakistan and neighbor countries.
South Area of Gwadar Free zone is soon to develop a commercial logistics zone with commodity exhibition, transit trade, fishery processing. FZ is to be built into an important node of CPEC, a demonstration zone of China-Pak industrial cooperation, a new economic engine of Pakistan
Currently, sea food containers from Pakistan western coast are can be exported through Gwadar Port to China, Middle East and other region. Gwadar port is connecting Karachi by Mehran Coastal High Way, Punjab and Sindh province with M8 high way, and Afghanistan via Quetta.
CPEC opens job opportunities for unemployed Pak nationals, bringing long lasting tangible benefits to locals. CPEC is a game changer for Pakistan, not only creating jobs for Pakistanis but also bringing social, economic and political benefits.
Despite the bad mouth of India and some of its far flung allies against the CPEC grand venture, “the major advantages of CPEC to Pakistan would be, as has been learnt, further consolidation of the existing partnership with China on a long term basis and enhancing its strategic importance as a bridge between European, Asian and African continents. The Macro and Micro economic advantages of the CPEC will accrue to Pakistan due to heavy Chinese investment leading to the creation of new jobs, addressing power shortages and increasing production with availability of power to agriculture, manufacturing and service sectors”, so wrote Late Sohail Amin, former Pak Ambassador to Nepal in one of his articles published in CPEC journal.
“CPEC is a golden opportunity for both Pakistan and China. It is already proven that developing countries can take off economically by attracting more Foreign Direct Investment to accelerate industrialization and modernization”, so said the then Chinese envoy Mr. Zhao Lijian, in an article published in Islamabad journal on CPEC.
“CPEC was proposed for the first time by Chinese Premier Li Kequiang during his visit to Pakistan as back as in 2013. The proposed project, in Pakistan indeed, would link Kashgar in Northwest China with Gwadar Port on the Arabian Sea coastline in Baluchistan. This initiative is driven strongly by China’s quest for warm waters. Mindful of the underdevelopment of its western provinces which are a soft belly and ongoing Uighur movement, China wants speedy modernization of Xinjiang; and of its other under developed provinces to bring them at par with its eastern provinces. And for the accomplishment of these dreams, China needs access to “Warm Waters” in the Arabian Sea through Gwadar since this route to world markets is the shortest and the cheapest, writes Dr. Kamal Monnoo, a Pakistani businessman.
Dr. Kamal thus outlines as to why China also needs CPEC. It is a two way affair indeed. While CPEC is surely monumental to Pakistan, as stated earlier, it is more than important equally to China as well. Primarily, it constitutes an integral part of China’s broader vision to exert itself as the leading economic power through the OBOR initiative that seeks to physically connect China to its markets in Asia, Africa, and Europe and beyond. The new Silk Road will link China with Europe through Central Asia and Maritime Silk Road to ensure a safe passage of China’s shipping through the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea. CPEC will in effect connect China with virtually half the population of the world, continues Dr. Kamal Monnoo.
Thus China too is to immensely benefit from the CPEC initiative.
China is building a military base for Afghan forces in the province of Badakhshan, a senior Afghan military official has said. The plan, if it is realized, promises a deeper Chinese military involvement in Tajikistan, which is necessary as a supply corridor to Badakhshan. The plans for the new base were worked out during a visit last month by an Afghan defense delegation to Beijing, the official, General Dawlat Waziri, told the online edition of Fergana news.
China will supply everything the base needs, Waziri said, including “weapons, uniforms for soldiers, military equipments and everything else needed for its (the base’s) functioning, “Fergana reported.
For Central Asia, this has important implications because Tajikistan appears to be an integral part of Chinese-Afghan military cooperation. Badakhshan shares a short (76 KMS) border with China, but in a region impassable by vehicles.
This means that China has already entered the Central Asian region through CPEC much to the annoyance of the countries associated with the Indo-Pacific gang. India has sleepless nights hopefully.
In the mean time, the US defense secretary, General Mattis, has told that for the US the biggest threat emanates from China and Russia.
Look how he observes the threat:
The US faced “growing threats from revisionists’ powers as different as China and Russia”, he said, unveiling the National Defense Strategy just the other day.
In an apparent reference to Russia, he warned against “threatening America’s experiment in democracy”.
“If you challenge us it will be your longest and worst day,” he warned.
The US has been gripped by ongoing investigations into the alleged collusion between the Trump 2016 election campaign and Russia.
“We face growing threats from revisionists powers as different as China and Russia, nations that seek to create a world consistent with their authoritarian models”, Mr. Mattis said.
Such outlandish comment perhaps brings China and Russia much closer even and these countries, read China and Russia, in turn would do all possible to brave this challenging threat emanating from the US. China-Russia partnership thus is round the corner which will benefit the smaller countries in the process of increasing their clout which will work in all probability for the development and progress of the smaller countries in an around Pakistan, Afghanistan and through the corridor to the Central Asian countries. The US new threat loaded statement shall come as a boon to the countries of this region and the whole of Central Asian nations.
Russia and China if work together, they have to now brave this US challenge, can bring many troubles to the US and its allies more so to the Indo-Pacific key drivers.
Michael Wolff perhaps will write yet another book. He has now a good stuff under his sleeves.
Here is news from Colombo that must have further annoyed the mental psyche of New Delhi which also speaks of the waning clout of India in the vicinity, Bangladesh included.
The new reads thus: Sri Lanka Central Bank Chief: “No other country offers anything as much in terms of Capital which is able to be deployed from China. In addition, on to that, China has been a long standing and steady friend of this country. Relation with China must always be given the highest right”.
Summing up, the world has become more volatile today with General Mattis warning served to China and Russia. The two countries need to come even closer and make new friends in this part of the world, including “non aligned” Nepal.
For the road: Islamabad; The life of Asif Raza, 31, a commerce graduate, suddenly changed two years ago when he got an interview call.
While excited at the prospect of a job, he tried not to pay attention to questions at the back of his mind about the source of the call; the Shandong Electric Power Construction corporation (SEPCO).
He is now an assistant manager of a department at the Sahiwal Coal Power Plant-designed and constructed by the Company.
Many Pak nationals thus may have got employed thanks the CPEC.
The game changer begins showing its positive impact.